Student Experience

Snapshot of AOA and AOSA’s Plan to Increase Cultural Competency

During 2020, the murder of George Floyd catalyzed nationwide outrage and frustration around systemic racism and racial injustices. In response to these events, the American Optometric Association (AOA) released a statement condemning racism, intolerance and hate. Moreover, the AOA has reviewed how its structure, policies and culture around race has impacted the optometric profession. Minority members make up 38.8% of the AOA and 48.6% of the American Optometric Student Association (AOSA) membership, according to the 2020 membership report. Although student membership of other minority groups, such as Asian members, has increased in the past years, the proportion of specifically Black and Brown have remained stagnant. 

In an effort to combat this trend and work toward a membership that better reflects the American population, the AOA formed the Diversity and Inclusion Task Force in June of 2020. Current actionsinclude increasing the representation of all races and ethnicities in the optometric profession and working to emphasize and support cultural competency amongst its members. Cultural competency and racial representation are crucial in providing better patient care. Research has shown that diversification of health care providers results in more inclusive decision-making, increased efficiency and improved health outcomes. Similarly, the AOSA Board of Trustees formed the Diversity and Inclusion Project Team with the same actions in mind.

To increase diversity amongst members, the AOA is further promoting Black EyeCare Perspective events such as “Impact HBCU” and “Pre-Optometry Club”. Furthermore, the AOA has renewed its commitment to cultivate and expand long-term relationships with Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). Specifically, the AOA, with the help of the AOSA, is working to increase awareness, interests and opportunities to students interested in pursuing a career within optometry, especially to Black and Brown students.

Ongoing efforts include joint AOA/AOSA meetings, diversifying AOSA’s social media content and addressing barriers to the application cycle. In January 2021, the AOA and AOSA announced a long-term financial commitment to support the newly created Opportunities in Optometry Grant program to assist in alleviating costs associated with the application cycle. Up to 30 students will receive grants in 2021. Additionally, the AOA/AOSA are working to set up a mentorship program with practicing doctors for grant recipients. For more information or to partner with the AOA/AOSA to ensure the success of this grant in future years, visit the official grant page here.

The AOA also is encouraging ASCO to expand its “Optometry Gives Me Life” campaign to include more targeted messaging to members of the Black and Brown community. To promote diversity among AOA leadership, the AOA has developed the AOA Leadership Institute, chaired by Andrea Thau, O.D. The program is targeted toward newly graduated doctors 5-10 years out of school, empowering them to become leaders on the state and national level. This year’s Leadership Institute consists of 125 doctors who were nominated by affiliates, schools and colleges.

To further encourage cultural competency, both organizations have engaged in conversations with doctors of color to gain the perspective and knowledge to influence the most effective change. AOA and AOSA leadership have undergone training on diversity and cultural competency. Furthermore, the AOA and AOSA are committed to evaluating policies and resolutions to reshape organizational culture. For the past three years, the selection process for authors and speakers for Optometry’s Meeting® has been based on content rather than demographics, resulting in an increase of young, female speakers. The AOA will continue removing demographic information during this process in efforts to minimize implicit bias.

In conjunction with AOA’s efforts to facilitate diversity, equity and cultural competency, this year’s Optometry’s Meeting will have several continuing education courses centered on diversity, including “Understanding Diversity & Inclusion in Eye Health & Vision Care for Enhanced Compliance, Continuity of Care and Practice Growth” and Improving Patient Communication: What Does Culture Have to Do with It?” Finally, the AOA intends to increase optometry’s exposure and accessibility to the topics covered in these courses by offering them virtually on EyeLearn Professional Development Hub, an AOA member-exclusive education portal.

The AOA Diversity and Inclusion Task Force consists of AOA Board of Trustees members Jacqueline Bowen, O.D., James P. DeVleming, O.D., Steven T. Reed, O.D., and Lori L. Grover, O.D., Ph.D. The AOSA Diversity and Inclusion Project Team consists of Jaime Antonio (OSU), Devyn Hayes (IUSO), Mikala Herr (WUCO), Kimber Mapili (ICO), Anjali Paramanandam (UCB), Helene Pippin (PUCO), Madi Sachs (UCB), Lotus Schifsky (IUSO), Veronica Schuver (OSU), Shaily Sheth (NECO) and Anna Venizelos (NSUOCO).

Student Experience

Optometry Externship In Bush, Alaska

After three crazy years of trying to balance classes, clinic, labs, and life, everyone in my class at Southern College of Optometry (SCO) was looking forward to our fourth-year clinical rotations. At SCO, we select two sites one institutional and one private in addition to our in-house rotation. In the summer of my second year, I was introduced to an institutional site in Bethel, Alaska: the Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC). This site is an Indian Health Service located in the heart of the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in the southwest Alaskan tundra. After researching all night when I should have been studying for pathology or pharmacology, I began counting down the days until I could begin my journey in the Last Frontier.  

When SCO closed secondary to the pandemic, my first thought was: Would this carry over into the summer? Fortunately, I was still able to fly north to work at the hospital, and I am extremely thankful both SCO and YKHC Optometry granted me this incredible opportunity.

Helping at-risk populations and those in need of eye care has always been a burning passion of mine, and this past summer in Bush, Alaska, re-fueled that love. 

 So, what is optometry like in an area surrounded by water that is only accessible by plane, boat, or snow machine in the winter? I was wondering the same thing about four months ago. 

The YKHC provides comprehensive care— medical, dental, optometric, auditory, and more—to the village of Bethel as well as the 58 surrounding villages in the Delta. The region is about the size of Oregon and contains over 23,000 people. There are five sub-regional clinics in the area, and each village has its own clinic that houses traveling workers, such as nurses, dentists, and optometrists. The YKHC opened a brand-new hospital last year, including an eye clinic with an in-house optical, a technology room with a fundus camera, OCT, visual field, an anterior segment camera, and over 10 exam lanes for patient care. 

In the summer, optometry does not travel out to villages as frequently because most people are fishing or at fish camp smoking and preparing their fish. Due to this, more patients travel to the YKHC to receive eye care. Usually, there are a plethora of flights bringing people into Bethel, but flights were very limited this summer as a result of the pandemic. Most of our patients took a boat from their villages, some traveling several hours both ways to receive care. To offset this, YKHC Optometry traveled to eleven villages between May and August; I was fortunate enough to partake in two of these village trips. 

For my first trip, we traveled via plane to Akiak, and on my second trip, we took my preceptor’s family’s boat upriver to Kwethluk. The populations of these villages were just under 400 and about 750 people, respectively. Our housing was located at the back of each clinic as there was a room with bunk beds and a kitchen, as well as a private bathroom with a shower. Both trips were similar in that it was me with one other extern and one staff doctor providing care to as many people as we could in one week. Case history, chair skills, and ocular health examination took place in a nurse’s exam room, and we performed refraction in the dental room. Between the two clinics, we saw a total of 136 people. Most of the patients were either young children or elderly people who were either unable or uncomfortable to travel to Bethel due to the circumstances. There were a few patients we had to refer to Bethel for specialty testing or emergency follow up care at the hospital.  

To protect ourselves and our patients, all of us providers had to be tested for COVID-19 before traveling to the villages. In the clinic, masks were required at all times, and if a patient did not have one, face shields were provided. Tonopen was performed to check IOPs, and between patients, we completely sanitized our rooms, including chairs, equipment, and anything the patient had contact with during the exam. Patients were scheduled in 15minute increments to cut down on the number of people in the waiting room at a time. When choosing glasses, there were only a few options, and each frame was disinfected afterward. Additionally, a janitor cleaned the entire facility twice a day, including our housing quarters in the back of the clinics. 

 My experiences this summer in Bethel, Akiak, and Kwethluk were unforgettable, despite the impact from the pandemic. I could not have asked for a better rotation as my preceptors, fellow externs, and patients all greatly contributed to my growth as a fourth-year clinician. Alaska has a special place in my heart that I will cherish as I wrap up my optometric education and begin my dream career. 


Autumn Killop (SCO) with Danielle Dyke AZCOPT(left), and Dr. Krystle Peñaflor (right)

 

 

Student Experience

First Year Experience

There are many words I could use to describe my experience as a first-year optometry student. None of them seem to do my time at Midwestern University justice.

Coming from my undergraduate studies at Northern Arizona University, I felt an immense shift in the atmosphere when I transitioned to optometry school. Instead of the classes I had at Northern Arizona University, which sometimes had upward of 100 students or more, at my optometry school all my classes had the exact same 56 students. My optometry class of 2023 consists of 56 students, whom I spend every school hour with. This amount of interaction allows us to be as close as family. It starts off as vague familiarity and creeps up on you until suddenly you know everything going on in their life and find yourself video calling their family.

The class size and classmates were not the only transition worth noting. There were also the studies that were a sizable difference from undergraduate schooling. Starting off fresh from my undergraduate major in biomedical science, I thought that having a large science background could help me achieve a better foundation for my classes at Midwestern University. During orientation I found out that many of my classmates came from very different backgrounds. Many had kids and some were much older than I am. It was interesting to hear how long some people had been out of schooling and some, like me, who only had a summer off. Talking to my classmates at the very beginning made me feel uneasy about their solid amount of experience and knowledge in the optometry field. Because many of my classmates had been technicians or opticians, I suddenly felt as if I were out of my league coming into optometry school knowing next to nothing. I felt immensely underprepared and was afraid that I wouldn’t be up to par with my classmates. Even listening to our first lecture, I was having trouble trying to puzzle out what the cornea was. Luckily the faculty at Midwestern University is exceptional and can provide an amazing educational atmosphere. Many of the doctors at Midwestern are younger and make their teachings more relatable.

It was so nice to be around people who take this seriously and want to help people.

Immediately after school started, I was finally feeling like I was on the path to becoming an optometrist. The first time I felt like I was going to become a doctor was in my methods class. Practicing on each other and performing eye health tests was the first time I could envision myself doing this in the future. It was so nice to be around people who take this seriously and want to help people. I am so thankful I was able to experience my first year of optometry school, and I can’t wait to see what else will come.